Pilot project funded to study Vibrio bacteria in scallop farming

A collaborative pilot project was funded by the Maine Food and Agriculture Center (MFAC) to investigate Vibrio bacteria in scallop hatcheries in Maine! This will support some ongoing work by a collaborative research team at UMaine and the Downeast Institute, as we develop a long-term, larger-scale project investigating scallop health and survival in hatcheries, something which will be critical to supporting sustainable and economically viable aquaculture productions.

“Investigating microbial biofilms in Maine hatchery production of sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus.”

Principal Investigator: Sue Ishaq

Co-Investigators:

  • Dr. Tim Bowden, Associate Professor of Aquaculture, University of Maine
  • Dr. Jennifer Perry, Assistant Professor of Food Microbiology, University of Maine
  • Dr. Brian Beal, Professor of Marine Ecology, University of Maine at Machias; and Research Director/Professor, Downeast Institute
  • Dr. Erin Grey, Assistant Professor of Aquatic Genetics, University of Maine

Project Summary: Atlantic deep-sea scallops, Placopecten magellanicus, are an economically important species, generating up to $9 million in Maine alone. Despite their potential to the aquaculture industry, hatchery-based sea scallop production cannot rely on the generation of larvae to produce animals for harvest. In hatcheries, the last two weeks of the larval maturation phase is plagued by massive animal death, going from 60 million scallop larvae down to a handful of individuals in a span of 48 hours. This forces farmed scallop productions to rely on collection of wild scallop spat (juveniles), but wild population crashes, habitat quality, harvesting intensity, and warmer water temperatures threaten the sustainability and economic viability of this industry. The reasons for sea scallop larvae death remain unknown, but other cultured scallop species are known to suffer animal loss from bacterial infections, including from several bacterial species of  Vibrio and Aeromonas. At the Downeast Institute in Beals, Maine, biofilms appear on tank surfaces within 24 hours. Routine screening for the presence of Vibrio sp. in tanks at DEI reveals no obvious signs of colonies in scallop tanks. Preliminary culturing and genetic identification from these biofilms suggests a species of Pseudoalteromonas, known biofilm formers which outcompete or inhibit other microorganisms. Our goal is to investigate the dynamics of tank surface biofilms in bivalve aquaculture facilities. Our long-term goals are to understand microbial community assembly and animal health during scallop hatchery production, and to standardize management practices to enhance the success of cultured scallop production.  

Experimental design schematic for this project. Our objectives are to 1) Identify the microbial community members involved in tank biofilms, and if it is a repeated or novel community assembly, and 2) Test for biofilm antagonism in vitro, using competing microorganisms, chemical treatments, and environmental conditions. 

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